Learning is a Multi-Step Process

1- Encoding – knowledge that is being learned, [working and short-term memory]
2- Consolidation – moving to learn into long-term memory
3- Retrieval- practice strengthening pathways and update your learning.

See how the Learning Cycle connects all these stages of learning.

We build Learning on Stuff that we Already Know

Our brains are hard-wired to make connections. One very important learning strategy is to connect new ideas that students are learning to things they already know. This makes learning more durable because your brain can connect it to pathways that it has already created.

Levels of Recall Difficulty

As covered in chapter three- recall is essential to learning. There are also different types of recall that students can use to increase their mastery of the material. The easiest is picking from multiple choice answers because students do not need to create their own answers and can recognize information. The most difficult option is trying to create answers all on your own because the brain must work harder because it must recreate without reminders what information it knows. The level of retrieval practice largely depends on the type of assessment students will be asked to complete for class.


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Chapter 3

Chapter 2

Chapter 1